CHINA 2013

Aesthetics has always been an ever-present quality of humankind since its initial pursuit of beauty. Architecture, art, and aesthetics are its spiritual reflections. That is what has prompted humans to mediate on beauty and to generate associated ideas. Islamic art has found shape in such diverse locations as exquisite mosques, moving musical pieces, and other comprehensive works.

Slabs of stone that turned into minarets, mosques, caravanserais, bridges and fountains in the hands of such artists as Sedefkâr Mehmet Ağa and Mimar Sinan gained elegance and meaning. Sultanahmet, Suleymaniye, Selimiye and other mosques were enriched with the colors, verses, and music of Levnî, Lâmiî, Dede Efendi, and Itrî. In addition, this rich collection also depicts the most beautiful examples of Islamic art and aesthetics through the use of calligraphy, water marbling, and ceramics.

Islamic calligraphy is another such example. One of the most important disciplines of Islamic art, calligraphy has left a deep cultural mark on various Muslim communities for centuries. It has been defined as the aesthetic and elegant drawing of letters while adhering to specific styles and its most exquisite examples can be found in the Quran, hadits, prayer journals, scientific and literary works, individuals verses of the Quran, scripts, shrines (mihrabs), epitaphs inside mosques, and official writings such as royal signatures (tuğra) and edicts (ferman).